Six Essential Best Practices for Data Security

Data security is the protection of data both physical and digital against unauthorized access or destruction. It is a fundamental necessity for any company, as it ensures the security, integrity and confidentiality of personal data to authorized users. It also helps to protect against the loss or compromise of sensitive information in the case of an attack from cyberspace. A solid data protection program is an assortment of tools that will ensure these six fundamental best practices:

Authentication is the most important aspect of any data security strategy. If your data is at storage or in transit, you must verify that only authorized users can access it using credentials (e.g., passwords, encryption keys) or other methods of identification, such as multi-factor authentication (MFA) which requires that the user create multiple forms of verification.

The company must be able to track the data it uses and recognize what data is sensitive and in a particular state, such as “at rest”, “in transit” or “in use”.

It can be a challenge for businesses to keep records of sensitive information as the amount of data collected increases. It is crucial to adhere to the principle of least privilige which states that only the information that users require for their job should be provided. By limiting permissions to a minimum, you can enhance your overall security posture and save on bandwidth and storage costs. Your policy on data usage must also specify the way data is used and the consequences of any violations of the policy.